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codexalimentarius > Codex Texts

Codex Texts

Codex standards and related texts are voluntary in nature. They need to be translated into national legislation or regulations in order to be enforceable.

Codex standards can be general or specific.

General Standards, Guidelines and Codes of Practice

These are the core Codex texts and apply to all products and product categories. These texts typically deal with hygienic practice, labelling, additives, inspection & certification, nutrition and residues of veterinary drugs and pesticides.

Commodity standards

Codex commodity standards refer to a specific product although increasingly Codex now develops standards for food groups  i.e. one general standard for fruit juices and nectars as opposed to one per fruit. 

The harmonization of food standards contributes to the protection of consumer health and to the fullest possible facilitation of international trade.

How a Codex Standard is developed.

Like all other aspects of the Commission’s work, the procedures for preparing standards are well defined, open and transparent.

A national government or a subsidiary committee of the Commission usually makes the proposal for a standard to be developed They then prepare a discussion paper that outlines what the proposed standard is expected to achieve, and then a project document that indicates the time frame for the work and its relative priority.

  • Getting started - The Commission reviews the project document and decides whether the standard should be developed as proposed.
  • Elaboration of the standard - The preparation of a proposed draft standard is arranged by the Commission Secretariat and circulated to member governments, observer organizations and other Codex committees for two rounds of comments and special advice.
  • Conclusion - Standards can take several years to develop. Once adopted by the Commission, a Codex standard is added to the Codex Alimentarius and published here on the web site. 

Standards

Popular
 
Latest

CODEX STAN 330-2018
Standard for Aubergines

CODEX STAN 332R-2018
Regional Standard for Doogh

CAC/MISC 6-2018
List of Codex Specifications for Food Additives

CAC/RCP 76R-2017
Regional Code of Hygienic Practice for Street-Vended Foods in Asia

CAC/GL 90-2017
Guidelines on Performance Criteria for Methods of Analysis for the Determination of Pesticide Residues in Food and Feed

CAC/GL 91-2017
Principles and Guidelines for Monitoring the Performance of National Food Control Systems

CAC/RCP 77-2017
Code of Practice for the Prevention and Reduction of Arsenic Contamination in Rice

CAC/RCP 78-2017
Code of Practice for the Prevention and Reduction of Mycotoxins in Spices

CODEX STAN 329-2017
Standard for Fish Oils

CODEX STAN 325R-2017
Regional Standard for Unrefined Shea Butter

CODEX STAN 323R-2017
Regional Standard for Laver Products

CODEX STAN 326-2017
Standard for Black, White and Green Peppers

CODEX STAN 327-2017
Standard for Cumin

CODEX STAN 328-2017
Standard for Dried Thyme

CODEX STAN 331-2017
Standard for Dairy Permeate Powders

CODEX STAN 324R-2017
Regional Standard for Yacon

CAC/GL 89-2016
Principles and guidelines for the exchange of information between importing and exporting countries to support the trade in food

CAC/GL 87-2016
Guidelines for the Control of Nontyphoidal Salmonella spp. in Beef and Pork Meat

CAC/GL 88-2016
Guidelines on the Application of General Principles of Food Hygiene to the Control of Foodborne Parasites

CODEX STAN 322R-2015
Regional Standard for Non-Fermented Soybean Products

CODEX STAN 316-2014
Standard for Passion Fruit

CAC/GL 85-2014
Guidelines for the Control of Taenia Saginata in Meat of Domestic Cattle

View the COMPLETE list of Codex Texts

Codex 8 step process

The process for developing a standard has eight steps.

Download this infographic describing the process.

For further information on how Codex develops standards consult the Procedural Manual

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